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Development of multifunctional polyurethane elastomer composites containing fullerene: Mechanical, damping, thermal, and flammability behaviors      
Yazarlar
Doç. Dr. Yasin KANBUR
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
Ümit Tayfun
Türkiye
Özet
Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) composites filled with fullerene in the range from 0.5 wt% to 2 wt% were fabricated using melt-compounding. Fullerene addition levels up to nearly twofold increase in tensile strength, percent elongation, and modulus of TPU. The mechanical properties are improved as modified C 60 content decreases. Fullerene loadings also enhance thermal stability of TPU. Glass transition temperature decreases by the inclusion of C 60 into TPU matrix. Composites exhibited the improvement for storage modulus and vibration-damping behavior. The UL-94 rating and limiting oxygen index value of TPU are also extended to higher values after C 60 loadings. Adjuvant effect is observed on fire performance in which pristine C 60 inclusions and higher concentrations of C 60 exhibit better fire performance. Additions of C 60 give identical melt flow index values with that of TPU. Modified C 60 particles disperse more homogeneously than pristine ones into TPU matrix because of the improvement in interfacial interactions between fullerene and polyurethane elastomer.
Anahtar Kelimeler
Polymer-matrix composites,flame retardancy,thermoplastic polyurethane,fullerene,thermal analysis,extrusion
Makale Türü Özgün Makale
Makale Alt Türü SSCI, AHCI, SCI, SCI-Exp dergilerinde yayımlanan tam makale
Dergi Adı Journal of Elastomers Plastics
Dergi ISSN 0095-2443
Dergi Tarandığı Indeksler SCI-Expanded
Makale Dili İngilizce
Basım Tarihi 04-2019
Cilt No 51
Sayı 3
Sayfalar 262 / 279
Doi Numarası 10.1177/0095244318796616
Makale Linki http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0095244318796616