Tribological properties of hemp fiber reinforced polylactic acid bio-composites: effect of different types of modification methods      
N. Çevik Elen
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
In this study, green composites are prepared with 30 wt.% hemp fibers reinforced polylactic acid (PLA) to enhance the impact and tribological properties. Different surface treatments of alkali and silane, compatibilizer of maleic anhydride (MA), and blends of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and poly (butylene succinate) were applied to improve interfacial adhesion between fibers and matrix. Hemp-reinforced PLA bio-composites were fabricated and characterized by hardness, impact strength, wear, and friction properties. The tribological tests of the injection-molded components were performed under two different loads (10 N and 20 N) as dry-sliding linearly reciprocating motion per ASTM G133. Modified composites gave better tribological properties than unmodified composites. While no remarkable improvement was observed in the hardness value of untreated fiber-reinforced composite, alkali-treated composite reached up to 43% improvement in hardness value. In general, as the load increased, weight loss increase was observed in all composites. Unmodified bio-composite exhibited a very low weight loss and specific wear rate (SWR) compared to neat PLA under 10 N load. The SWR of the MA bio-composite had the lowest value for both loads (10 N and 20 N) compared to the other bio-samples. The TPU blended bio-composite exhibited the highest impact strength (22.96 kJ m-2) after pure PLA (26.5 kJ m-2). Therefore, due to surface treatments and blends applied to the fibers, some composites' hardness and wear resistance were increased while the impact strength and friction coefficient was decreased. Especially silane surface treatment and MA compatibilizer application increased the wear resistance of composites. When the scanning electron microscope images were examined, it was revealed that the fiber and matrix interface bonding was good, and the fibers were firmly embedded in the matrix. Furthermore, forming a protective thin film layer formed by the polymer debris from the surface during dry-sliding increased the wear performance of the bio-composites.
Anahtar Kelimeler
bio-composite,hemp fiber,surface modification,blend modification,wear properties
Makale Türü Özgün Makale
Makale Alt Türü ESCI dergilerinde yayımlanan tam makale
Dergi Adı IOP Publishing
Dergi ISSN 2631-6331
Dergi Tarandığı Indeksler Emerging Sources Citation Index
Makale Dili Türkçe
Basım Tarihi 03-2023
Cilt No 5
Sayı 1
Sayfalar 15009 /
Doi Numarası 10.1088/2631-6331/acbf9d
Makale Linki