SmartEscape: A Mobile Smart Individual Fire Evacuation System Based on 3D Spatial Model       
Ümit Atila
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Yasin ORTAKCI
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Kasım ÖZACAR
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
Öğr. Gör. Emrullah DEMİRAL
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
Prof. Dr. İsmail Rakıp KARAŞ
Karabük Üniversitesi, Türkiye
We propose SmartEscape, a real-time, dynamic, intelligent and user-specific evacuation system with a mobile interface for emergency cases such as fire. Unlike past work, we explore dynamically changing conditions and calculate a personal route for an evacuee by considering his/her individual features. SmartEscape, which is fast, low-cost, low resource-consuming and mobile supported, collects various environmental sensory data and takes evacuees’ individual features into account, uses an artificial neural network (ANN) to calculate personal usage risk of each link in the building, eliminates the risky ones, and calculates an optimum escape route under existing circumstances. Then, our system guides the evacuee to the exit through the calculated route with vocal and visual instructions on the smartphone. While the position of the evacuee is detected by RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) technology, the changing environmental conditions are measured by the various sensors in the building. Our ANN (Artificial Neural Network) predicts dynamically changing risk states of all links according to changing environmental conditions. Results show that SmartEscape, with its 98.1% accuracy for predicting risk levels of links for each individual evacuee in a building, is capable of evacuating a great number of people simultaneously, through the shortest and the safest route.
Anahtar Kelimeler
fire evacuation,intelligent routing,mobile,indoor navigation,spatial data,artificial neural network
Makale Türü Özgün Makale
Makale Alt Türü SSCI, AHCI, SCI, SCI-Exp dergilerinde yayımlanan tam makale
Dergi Adı ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Dergi ISSN 2220-9964
Dergi Tarandığı Indeksler SCI-Expanded
Dergi Grubu Q3
Makale Dili İngilizce
Basım Tarihi 06-2018
Cilt No 7
Sayı 6
Sayfalar 223 / 241
Doi Numarası 10.3390/ijgi7060223
Makale Linki
BM Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Amaçları
Atıf Sayıları
WoS 19
Google Scholar 41
SmartEscape: A Mobile Smart Individual Fire Evacuation System Based on 3D Spatial Model